In architecture, a weatherboard serves as a wooden siding of a structure, such as a house or a building. In the U.S., a weatherboard is synonymous to a clapboard, which basically serves the same purpose — a set of thin boards covering walls and roofs of buildings. History, though, dictates much archaic labels: clawboards and cloboards, while a clapboard’s older meaning espouses smaller-sized, split pieces of imported oak from Germany — once used for barrel staves. Today, regional variants of a weatherboard espouse other references, such as bevel siding and lap siding.
The Purpose of a Weatherboard
Weatherboard cladding primarily serves an aesthetic purpose, but its durability provides buildings with protection against nature’s elements. With its affordability and availability, along with a versatility of styles, weatherboards remain as a popular choice for wall cladding. By oiling, staining and painting the wood of a weatherboard, it can last longer by preventing decay, moulding or mildew.
In house design, a weatherboard offers clean, horizontal lines accentuating the wide and flat planes evoking contemporary architectural aesthetics. For renovation purposes, though, weatherboards prolong the historicity of aged houses.
Details of a Weatherboard
The first main type is the classic weatherboard. This type of cladding has an overlapping wedge profile of raw timber. It is through its layering wherein a building can showcase the appearance of having a thicker wall. Given its ease in production, it is the traditional form of weatherboard in New Zealand — dating back to structures before 1960.
The second main type is the shiplap. Shiplap weatherboards offer a complex tongue-and-groove shape, and this enables the installation of a flat, weather-resistant cladding. This type of weatherboard is a flat plank, essentially, with the tongue and groove parts of the board cut to showcase a sliver of the horizontal banding crucial to its aesthetics.
Apart from the two main types, there are different materials that you can use. From timber to metal, fibre cement, vinyl and composite timber — it depends on how you want your building to appear. Surely, though, it will be able to stand up against earthquakes.